Dating hmv 78 records

The discs were pressed by Columbia. Six books were advertised here in November at 7s 6d each Eventually 12 were sold here. Frank notes that they were still available in The master numbers are at the right of the label: Naturally, the label was green, with gold printing, and bore shamrocks. But in FTR 1, Ray Stephenson sent in a colour label scan confirming this, except that he pointed out his disc was It all hinges on the origin of the Irish recordings.

If they were indeed specially made for Harris which from the titles seems rather likely and were by EB, they would date from If by Grammavox, the date range would be to sometime just after the Great War. The proprietor of this extremely scarce label was Adolf Knopf. He was granted the trade mark in August Knopf was, or had recently been, U. The label was manufactured in Germany by an unknown concern and was launched on 1st September for the season. Alas, Knopf was taken to court quite early in for not having obtained and stuck copyright royalty stamps on some records.

A batch of 12, discs was mentioned. It was reported that of the 12,, some had stamps on, and some did not. The magistrate fined Heart Records, and ordered that the unstamped discs be destroyed. If, say, it was fifty-fifty, then there should have been 6, Hearts that could be sold. But where have they all gone? If there were only ever 1, German-made Hearts to begin with, that would account for their extreme scarcity.

In any case, with the outbreak of War in August , no more discs could be imported from Germany, so Heart was re-launched, pressed this time by the Disc Record Company, of Harrow, Middx. The DRC itself was in increasing financial trouble at the time, and was wound up in the spring of Heart and are from the very last series of original recordings, mostly of Patriotic material i. The other side of carries the name of the recording expert Guiseppe Gidino written in the wax under the label.

Gidino fought in the Italian army during the War, but it is pleasant to record that he was back in England by Allowing some time for them to be produced, they can hardly have come over here and to France and Spain! So if you are lucky enough to find a Hebrophon Record, it can be fairly accurately dated to late — August They were a wholesaler factor , and sold them on to dealers. They were made in the U. Another series also appeared, made from Beka masters. With that exception, the "His Master's Voice" dog-and-gramophone image is in the public domain in the U.

The "His Master's Voice" logo was used around the world, and the motto became well known in different languages. On the British version, these images were blacked out for copyright reasons. This type of editing took place with many other RCA releases in England. Similarly, the album covers and some labels of EMI imports which were sold in the U. In the Warner Bros. The movie Superman Returns contains a scene early on set in Kansas, in which a "His Master's Voice" radio is clearly shown.

His Master's Voice radios have never been sold in the U. The movie was made in Australia, and the nearest "prop" was obviously used. In the film Valkyrie , a Deutsche Grammophon recording of " Ride of the Valkyries " with Nipper and the "Die Stimme seines Herrn" motto on the label was shown spinning on a rpm wind-up gramophone as the music played in the protagonist's living room. Homage is paid to the iconic dog-and-gramophone image in the feature film Wild Wild West in which a dog resembling Nipper runs to the side of a recently departed character and looks into an ear horn.

The film, however, is set in , 30 years before Barraud created his work. For several years in the s a larger-than-life-size plastic statue of the dog Nipper graced the main entrance lobby of the network's headquarters building in Washington, DC. And the FaceBook group of ex-employees of the network is known as "Former Nippers. EMI continued to expand internationally through the s. The firm bought the Waterstones chain of bookshops and merged them with Dillons the UK booksellers.

HMV applied for trademark status in order to use Nipper at HMV stores in Canada but in abandoned the application, [11] presumably because the rights to Nipper in Canada are part of the RCA brand portfolio now owned by Technicolor SA and licensed to other companies.

As of August , there were over HMV stores worldwide. On 15 January , HMV Group plc entered receivership ; stores in Ireland closed 16 January and were no longer accepting vouchers. The HMV website posted a receivership notice and no further online sales were made. According to the HMV website, the organization was restructured by Hilco and, while some stores were closed, it has reopened debt-free and continues to trade. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Each matrix plate was identified by a single number , which sometimes was modified by a prefix containing both numbers and letters, or by a suffix of similar makeup, or by both.

Either the prefix or the suffix or both could be separated from the main number by a hyphen. The suffix could contain either normal or superscript Roman or Arabic numerals.

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To deal with these three sizes, a simple system was devised to distinguish the sizes, the different number series that might be used for each size, and the recordist in charge of the actual recording procedure. The 7-inch and inch matrix numbers assigned before the introduction of the letter triplet system below were bare numbers, known as the unlettered series. Fred Gaisberg himself took the block of numbers from 1 to about However, if he used the same number for different size discs, it would be the latter-day discographer who could not distinguish them.

Between and , an unlettered number series was used, the lowest known entry, No. However, Bennett lists numbers as low as , recorded on August 15, , which probably had E prefixes. The last known number was No.


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This, the original unlettered series, was recorded entirely in London by Fred Gaisberg, and often bore the suffix FG. Berliner Catalog Number E is known to be by Hawthorne, but it is listed in Bennett without the prefix. Bennett lists numerous bare matrix numbers as high as , recorded in These are apparently errors in transcribing any suffixes present to numbers higher than , as well as to omitting the E prefix from that series. Bennett lists many of H. Scott Russell's recordings of , for example, with bare matrix numbers that correspond directly with numbers listed in Wolfson as having the a suffix.

Following the introduction of the all-wax process, a new series of matrix numbers appeared to distinguish these recordings.

British disc records of the 'Acoustic' Era.

This involved the use of the J for Johnson prefix, the earliest known example being J , Berliner , dated May 3, By August 21 of that year the J prefix had disappeared. The adopted system involved, initially, eight sets of lower case letter triplets.

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His Master's Voice - 78 RPM - Label Discography

In this way it was relatively easy to identify the selection and the artist s , the size of the record, and the recordist in charge. Smoot , and Charles Scheuplein later Fleming , respectively. As the only recording location at this time was London, it was not thought necessary to identify the plates with anything more than a simple number. The first problem was to identify the use of 7-, , and inch records. Moreover, as additional recordists were added to the staff, Gaisberg not only sent them all over the world to record the great and small celebrities of the time, but he also pre-assigned blocks of matrix numbers to them.

Bennett lists many records having matrix numbers with the R suffix, from as low as 37 R in June up to R in early The triplet system began to take effect at the end of , following the assimilation of the previously independent International Zonophone Company. The recordists continued to use their individual matrix number blocks, but now added their own unique suffixes. The reader will find numerous matrix numbers on recordings made before the introduction of the triplet letter system listed with various suffixes. When the company stopped making 7-inch discs, about the end of , it was then necessary to assign only two doublet suffixes to each new recordist.

Gaisberg and other recordists made frequent tours throughout the world. From May to about August , they used a number block from through , which constituted the second unlettered series. The recording engineer was often identified by having his initials added as suffixes in upper case to each matrix number. Gaisberg himself used G or FG , occasionally also in lower case confusion!

Bennett lists matrix numbers such as WCG. FWG as late as January By March , we find matrix numbers such as b , indicating early use of the triplet system. The unlettered series ended at some point above Bennett lists in October , but was revived later to accommodate 7-inch records whose inch counterparts already used the b series. All of these have matrix numbers with the suffix G , showing the late usage of this particular suffix.

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Numerous exceptions, omissions, and errors exist, especially by the chief recordist, Fred Gaisberg. Between September and August , he toured the Southeast Asia area, at which time he introduced his own personal block of E numbers, using E to E for inch discs, and E to E for inch discs. Not all the basic numbers were used, since he frequently began a new recording session or series with a round number, regardless of the last number used.

These E numbers are not to be confused with the double-sided discs made after It is important to note that all of the recordists used the same numbers. Only the suffixes were different, and they identified not only the recordist in charge, but eventually the date and place of the recordings. For example, during the period from November to January Fred was using the numbers to in the inch series, that is, with b suffixes. During this same period, his brother Will was using to , but with e suffixes for the inch sides. Again, Fred used to from February to November Will did not use these numbers until October through May This is why the suffixes during these early years are so important, and should never be omitted when describing or listing matrix numbers.

Another curious usage occurred when Will Gaisberg spent the winter of in Milan with the intention of recording the artists present.


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  6. For this series he used matrix numbers from Con 1 for 7-inch discs, from Con for inch, and from Con for inch discs. Presumably, the Con prefix indicated the Continental Hotel, where he was staying! When the triplet system was introduced in late , these matrix number series were converted to 1 d. This practice was often applied to plain matrix numbers assigned by other recordists as well.

    Earlier, in mid, Gaisberg had traveled to St. Petersburg to record the great Russian basso Feodor Chaliapin, who was to become, among many other great musical artists, his lifelong friend. He was unsuccessful, and it was not until a few weeks before the Caruso recordings that the recordist Arthur S. Clarke succeeded in recording Chaliapin. These ten recordings were apparently made with zinc matrices, the obvious inference being that blank zinc plates traveled much better than wax plates! However, the Caruso recordings appear to have been made on wax plates, which Gaisberg carried personally to Hanover, Germany, where the stampers were made and the discs were pressed.

    Since the letter triplet system was not initiated until about August , the matrix numbers assigned to the Caruso recordings, as well as many others of the years , were probably unlettered numbers.

    HMV 10" B-series label designs

    Thus, Bolig lists the matrix numbers for the April and November Caruso recordings without suffixes. Yet the Seraphim and Everest reissues both lists these twenty recordings with b suffixes. It seems probable that, after the introduction of the triplet system, many, if not all, earlier matrix numbers were updated by having a suffix a or b or c added! Many recordings listed in Bennett have the b suffix. The original triplet system continued until about , in some instances as late as the end of In it was modified by the introduction of the prefix HO.

    Considerable controversy surrounds the meaning and significance of HO. Some say that it indicated " H ome O ffice," others that it stood for Holmes, the recordist in charge, and still others for Holmes as the innovator of a new recording technique. The second theory is implausible since, according to the system, Holmes the recordist would simply have been assigned a new triplet.

    Regardless of its origin, its use initiated an entirely new series of matrix numbers, rather like starting all over again. The lowest number known to me is HO ae, indicating that the recordist was Edmund J. No change was made in the method of designating take numbers. Apart from their place in the history and development of matrix numbers, they are of small interest here, except perhaps as a bookmark for recording dates.

    These were used through , often more than one series being used simultaneously. These are seen only on His Master's Voice double-sided discs. The matrix number itself, with the prefix, usually appeared on the record label, without take suffixes, which during this period were hyphenated Arabic numerals. It is the writer's conclusion that the O and 2 series, which were used by RCA until the end of the 78rpm era, were derived from 1 0 and 1 2 inch discs. The same basic matrix numbers may, indeed occasionally do, appear with both prefixes, on and inch discs, respectively.

    At the beginning of the electrical recording era, about April , Victor began imprinting a V. When electrical recordings replaced acoustical performances, it was common to use the same basic matrix number, and to replace Bb or Cc with BVE or CVE. The reader should note the difference between a matrix number with a V. The former are electrically amplified or re-recorded from the original matrix, while the latter are new electric recordings. During the period , certain major celebrities were given special prefixes to identify them.

    Thus, Luisa Tetrazzini was given the BB prefix, although these were never published. Tito Schipa was given the prefix BM. Matrix numbers on the records themselves appeared either raised or incised. That is, they were stamped onto the original matrix before the stampers or masters were prepared.