They only needed to be fixed to preserve the exposed image. The simplicity of the process made it very attractive to amateur photographers. Printing out papers fall into two categories, those coated with metallic salts, and those with coated with an emulsion.
Iron Salt Prints - This process was invented in , but its first known use for a postcard was in No commercial paper was needed, though eventually manufactured, as card stock could be photosensitized at home and printed out. All iron salt prints are contact printed. Variations on this process were developed over the years that followed.
The photosensitive solution used in this process soaks into the paper, so the original paper surface remains dominant in the final print.
Tips for determining when a U.S. postcard was published
This gives these images a very matte look not normally associated with photography, and making some easy to confuse with collotypes. They still maintain a continuous tone and their colors may provide some clarification. Sometimes instead of using masks the emulsion solution would not be applied to areas where white tabs were desired leaving behind a rough brushstroke edge. None of these papers were made with postcard backs. Kodak stopped producing platinum paper in Albumen Prints - Photo prints utilized albumen based emulsions since , but its undesirable characteristics took it out of general use by the time real photo postcards came into production.
The rare photo card that may have been printed on albumen paper comes from a period where these cards would be considered novelties.
- free online dating site in romania.
- how to make a profile on dating site!
- The First Picture Postcards!
- dating a social butterfly;
- northern rivers online dating.
- dating old lead bullets.
- Playle's: Real Photo Postcards, How to Identify and Date Real Photo Vintage Postcards.
Because this paper was thin and tended to curl they were usually pasted onto card stock or board, as in cabinet cards. The thin paper was also easy to cut and paste and pieces of these photos were commonly collaged into scrapbooks and sometimes pasted onto postcards. All albumen prints were made by contact printing and printed out.
Albumen prints are categorized by warm tones that should now have considerable yellowing. They were almost always toned to improve their sour yellow look. Gold toning created a red to purple brown cast or a blue black.
Platinum toning created a brown look. When double toned with gold and platinum the print would remain neutral.
Stamp Boxes for Real Photo Vintage Postcards
The paper itself was often dyed pink; though blue, green, and violet were also common. About 85 percent of all photographs made in the 19th century were albumen prints. They were so familiar to the public eye that albumen became synonymous with photography. It was not very light sensitive and was only used for contact printing with direct exposure to the sun. This silver chloride paper had a collodion emulsion that could be washed out with water after exposure.
As this paper was manufactured before the advent of real photo postcards, its first release was on thin paper stock. Collodion emulsions produced prints with a very fine tonal range and sharp details. Collodion however was highly flammable, which detracted from its popularity. Most collodion papers fell out of common use before real photo postcards were made. Solio paper was replaced by Studio Proof Paper, manufactured until It was not meant for postcards and had no postcard back.
Gelatin Prints - These chloride papers were made with very small particles of silver suspended in a gelatin emulsion. They tend to be vulnerable to contamination and can easily deteriorate. They were much faster than collodion based papers and were able to be exposed indoors under gaslight lamps gaslight paper , but they remained slow enough to be used only in contact printing.
Its ease of use made it the most popular paper on the market for real photo postcards. They were manufactured with postcard backs. Azo paper without postcard backs continued to be made until Because this required guess work to judge exposure time, these papers were not as popular at first as printing out papers. In Kodak introduced a developing machine for professional and amateur alike, and between and photo processing services for postcards were also offered to encouraged sales.
These papers were , times more light sensitive than print out papers and eventually became the paper of choice. Their speed not only allowed them to be used with an enlarger but it increased production speed as well. Bromide Prints - Bromide prints are developed out producing a very stable image due to their large silver particles.
They have a warm to blue-black color and are highly subject to tarnishing.
- How to Estimate the Age of a Postcard | HobbyLark.
- dating old postcards | France zone at vigaculujuwa.ga.
- single black male dating?
While permanent bromide paper was developed alongside chloride papers, its cost, difficulty to process, and lower tonal range kept it from being widely used in America. Large quantities could also be produced in consistant color because they did not require toning.
How to Estimate the Age of a Postcard
However there was no demand for mass production until real photo postcards became popular. Bromide paper was relatively fast and was meant to be used with an enlarger. Rotograph and Kodak both manufactured bromide paper. The words Bromide Print often appear on these cards rather than a brand name, or they go unlabled. German soldiers on a Real Photo postcard.
More in the series
Detail from a French postcard, between and Detail from a Canadian postcard postdated Detail from a Canadian postcard, probably from about A standardised postage was paid for by the sender, who purchased a stamp to attach to the letter, rather than the receiver. The first stamp was the Penny Black, issued on 6 May The stamp showed a side portrait of Queen Victoria at age The first French postage stamp was issued on 1 January Official pre-paid French postcard, from It is best used as a reference section, rather than reading from beginning to end unless, of course, you are a train-spotter type!
First-class post should arrive the next day, second-class post taking longer. This will make dating more difficult in the future. A postcard, at a weight of 3 grams, is well within the lowest postal rate, be it a half or a full ounce. Thus, the postcard is given its own lower postal rate. For further information on French definitives, visit Marianne - a French national symbol, with French definitive stamps. The urgent postcard postage tariff followed the letter tariff. The non-urgent postcards follow the rate for non-urgent letters [ un pli non-urgent ].
quematogra.tk Index for motoring in France:: Romanesque statues and other masonry Hastingues, A Postcard from Chicago with an undivided back and a small space available messages on the card front. Postcard with an unusual divided back showing logging in Vancouver, Canada. From , this was a U. This allowed brighter colour printing that was also aided by the woven fabric texture. The linen texture enlivened the image by reflecting the light in multiple directions. At first, these postcards included a white border: But this gradually disappeared as printing extended to the edges of the card: Please try again later.
Sign up to browse over million images , video clips, and music tracks. Plus, get free weekly content and more.
We have images for every project, all covered by worry free licensing Download with confidence Find your plan. Save Try Share Edit. Sign In We're Sorry! Sign in to our Contributor site.